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Gene Annotation


Distributed along the genome are the regions coding for genes.


The chromosomes contain the genome of every organism. The genome contains sequence regions (genes) that code for proteins and other molecular constituents.


The proportion of coding sequence in relation to the total genome is rather small.


After sequencing a genome the task is to localize the genes. This step, part of the annotation process, requires bioinformatics methods such as pattern recognition and sequence alignment.